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SM520 GILDA Battle of Britain Scheme

About Spitfire SM520 (G-ILDA)

GILDA 2 2024 Rect png.png

HISTORY

SM520 was built in the Castle Bromwich factory in 1944 as single seat Mark H.F.IXe high level fighter, with firewall construction number CBAF 10164. It was delivered to the RAF on 23 November 1944 at 33 Maintenance Unit at RAF Lyneham but with the European conflict tapering off it was retained in storage until being shipped or flown (they did both) to the South African Air Force (SAAF) in 1948, one of a 136, 80 gifted and the remainder sold by the UK Government for £2000.00 a piece. Very little is known of its history after that but the SAAF Spitfires were used mostly for training, being issued to various Bombing, Gunnery and Air Navigation schools and latterly to the Air Operations School to train pilots en route to Korea to operate with the SAAF P-51 Mustangs.

 

Clearly involved in a major flying accident the aircraft was recovered to AFB Ysterplaat until its wreckage was disposed to the scrap yard of SA Metals in Cape Town. Here it languished for many years until recovered to the SAAF Museum store compound at Snake Valley and identified by Spitfire historian Peter Arnold as SM520 in 1981. It then passed through various owners before being purchased by Paul Portelli in 2002. It was Paul who decided it should be restored and converted to a Trainer 9 two seater. He commissioned Airframe Assemblies to convert the fuselage and build the wings and Classic Aero to undertake the fitting out of the project. The aircraft now registered as G-ILDA after Paul's granddaughter. Paul's untimely death meant that on completion the aircraft was put up for Auction at Bonhams where it was purchased in April 2009 by Spitfires.com.

 

On completion of its rebuild the aircraft was delivered in the colours of the Royal Netherlands Air Force, one of only three air forces to order and take delivery of the Spitfire Trainer 9 after the war. Once purchased wanted a more British looking scheme sowe enlisted the help of Peter Arnold who suggested a WWII South African scheme to reflect its South African origins, the SAAF Wing then operating in RAF livery and rotating its aircraft with RAF Spitfires within the Mediterranean Allied Tactical Air Force's Desert Air Force.

 

The first and probably the only ever two seat Spitfire in RAF service was an unofficial conversion of a former tired 4 Squadron SAAF Mk V, ES127 that is thought to have been converted locally in Sicily by 118 Maintenance Unit at Catania. This conversion had the front fuel tank removed and a second wind screen attached that enabled passenger and observer flights to be given. The squadron code markings used for 4 SAAF were 'KJ' and the letter used for this specific aircraft was 'I'. SM520 now wears those same code letters. No. 4 SAAF squadron had traded in its old Mk V's for Mk IX's at Sinello, Italy, in May 1944 having fought through Africa and up into Italy where it was engaged until the end of the war flying ground attack missions against enemy communications and giving air support to the Allied Armies in the battle area. Once in Italy the squadron was switched from a desert to the European Standard Day Fighter camouflage grey/green scheme.

In January 2024 the aircraft badly needed a complete repaint so the we started to consider a change of dress for G-ILDA. Spitfires.com has always been proud of its connection with RAF Westhampnett, now famously known as Goodwood Aerodrome in West Sussex. RAF Westhampnett became a Battle of Britain airfield in July of 1940. Both the Supermarine Spitfire and its stable mate the Hawker Hurricane both operated from our home turf during Britain’s hour of need. Although our aircraft is a later Mk IX Spitfire for Spitfires.com it was important to us to further our connection with the airfield’s heritage and at the same time honour a veteran pilot whom we played host to many times over the years.

 

Nigel Rose was the key to unlocking some of Goodwood’s long forgotten Battle of Britain heritage. As a young pilot, posted to 602 (City of Glasgow) Squadron, he found himself in the thick of the action during August and September of 1940. Nigel was on of Winston Churchill’s ‘Few’. He flew a number of Mk 1 Spitfires but he was photographed in X4382 LO-G which arrived on strength in September of 1940. It was regularly flown by 11 kill ace Pilot Officer Hanbury, using it to destroy a Bf 110 near Beachy Head on 15 September 1940, half a Ju 88 over Tangmere on 21 September and a 2nd Ju 88 on 30 September near Selsey. The aircraft was also flown by a number of other squadron pilots but 5 combat sorties were flown by Nigel in her. It means a lot to be able to commemorate the pilots and groundcrew of 602 Squadron who flew at Goodwood during WW2, but in particular pay homage to Nigel who was such a fabulous friend to the business and passed on so much of his experiences to us.

 

We now look forward to welcoming our customers and being able to tell them the story of LO-G, of Nigel Rose, and of RAF Westhampnett and to give them the chance to peer out over a Battle of Britain painted brown & green camouflaged Spitfire wing when experiencing a Spitfire flight with us from the south coast’s last remaining all grass Battle of Britain airfield, Goodwood.

SPECIFICATIONS

Crew:

Years Built:

Length:

Wingspan:

Height:

Empty weight:

Max take-off weight:

Powerplant:

Maximum Speed:

Cruise Speed:

Range:

Service ceiling:

Two 

1948-1951

31 ft 5 in (9.58m)

36 ft 10 in (11.23 m)

12 ft 8 in (3.86m)

6001lbs (2,722kg)

8250lbs (3,742kg)

Rolls-Royce Merlin 66

400mph (644km/h)

200mph (322km/h)

450miles (724 km)

10,000ft 

BACKGROUND OF THE SPITFIRE TR9

Wartime conversions of the Spitfire into a two-seat trainer included the one-off modification of a Mk VC by RAF no. 261 Squadron and a Mk IX converted for use as a trainer by the Soviets, however the two-seat Spitfire trainer was primarily a postwar program. In 1946, a Mk VIII (MT818) was the first Vickers-built trainer built as a demonstrator, but in 1948, 10 Spitfire T Mk IXs, were exported to India. In 1951, a further six TR9 trainers were converted from the standard Mk IX to train pilots for the Irish Air Corps (IAC) Seafire fleet. The Spitfires provided transition training that included gunnery practice since the type was equipped with four .303 Browning machine guns,  Most of the TR9 aircraft passed to the ground technical training school at Baldonnel where they were used as instructional airframes for the training of aircraft engineers for the Air Corps. Four of the IAC aircraft survived.

GALLERY

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